At some point during their lease period, many renters will want to take advantage of a landlord tenant act to get more detail on the law regarding their rental situation. Knowing more about this kind of legislation gives tenants a greater hand in negotiating with their landlords over their housing environment and other issues.
What Is a Landlord Tenant Act?
As a general rule, a landlord tenant act refers to a state legislation. Each state in the U.S. has their own landlord tenant act that governs all kinds of aspects of a rental community. As a result renters, landlords and legal counsel should be reviewing a landlord tenant act according to the state of residence. State laws vary a good deal between different states and areas of the country.
What the Landlord Tenant Act Does for Tenants
The ways that individuals use a landlord can depend on their unique situations. For renters, this kind of legislation is often helpful in providing them with more information about their overall scenario, what legal rights they have, and the general parameters for negotiating their lease agreement.
Issues That the Landlord Tenant Act Helps Resolve
Among the many things that landlords and tenants deal with, a state legislation can be helpful in negotiating some of the primary concerns that either party may have:
- Breaking a Lease – The landlord tenant act often includes clarification on what happens with a group lease situation where one tenant wants to leave, or with a situation where a single tenant family is looking to break a lease for one reason or another.
- Access – The landlord tenant act can help define cases when the landlord has specific rights to access a property, and when that kind of action constitutes a violation of tenants rights.
- Late Payment – Another major area of potential conflict is in the legal terms for an eviction, and how a landlord can legally handle partially late payment. All of this is also generally covered by state legislation like a landlord tenant act.
- Status of Security Deposits – State laws hold that a landlord can use a security deposit to cover some kind of damages and not others. Landlords and tenants may often want clarification on this issue.
The above are just some of the issues that state legislation helps to solve. Tenants can use a state Landlord Tenant Act as a comprehensive guide to their legal situations.
Another element of tenant rights is anti-discrimination. The federal Fair Housing Act governs the idea of discriminatory practices by landlords. Tenants can refer to this legislation in a situation where feel that they have been discriminated against.
All of this legislation is a resource to both landlords and tenants in negotiating fair and equitable lease arrangements that will be palatable for both parties. Clear rental law helps avoid a lot of time consuming and emotionally charged conflict. It’s advisable for anyone dealing with rentals to have at least a cursory knowledge of state and federal housing law in order to bring a professional outlook to the table.