Baby allergies can sometimes be hard to diagnose as they can be mistaken for colic or a cold. Usually, the culprits responsible for a baby’s discomfort include foods (especially milk products), allergic reactions to pet hair, dander or dust and intolerance to such environmental causes, such as soap, solvents and smoke.
#1 – Rashes – A Common Allergic Reaction in Infants
Rashes can result from contact with an allergic substance or from food products. If the allergy is the result of, say, the soap used to clean a baby’s blanket, then a rash will appear in the area where the cover rubs up against baby’s skin. If food is responsible for the reaction, then you’ll often see a rash form on such areas of the body as the back, face, hands or thighs.
Diaper rash is one of the most common rashes seen on infants. The rash is an allergic response to the bacteria and moisture in the baby’s urine and stools, to the cleanser used to launder the diapers or to the diapers themselves. You should rinse baby’s skin each time you change his diaper and wash the area once daily with a mild hypoallergenic soap.
#2 – Reactions to Food
Babies, in some instances, exhibit symptoms of allergy to certain foods. Usually, the reaction—crying, hives, itching or swelling—will occur shortly after ingestion of the substance. The most common food allergy is an intolerance to milk. Many physicians mistakenly believe a baby is suffering from colic when it’s found that the baby was experiencing discomfort due to an allergy to dairy.
#3 – Itching or Swelling
Babies can also experience allergic reactions, which can take the form of itching or eczema. Itching can result from contact with an environmental allergen, such as a solvent, an insect bite or from eating a food substance. If you notice that baby is scratching or is crying shortly after eating something, or if you’ve recently introduced a product into the household, then discontinue use.
A baby may also experience a reaction by displaying swelling in the areas of the lips or eyes. If the infant has been bitten by a bug or is allergic to a certain food, this type of reaction can occur. It’s important to closely keep track of your baby’s breathing in these instances as he could suffer from anaphylaxis, which can be serious and result in death.
Contact 911 immediately in the case of swelling around the lips, tongue or face. Also, if there is a lot of swelling around the site of an insect sting or bite, then you should contact emergency help without delay.
#4 – Runny Nose and Eyes
Runny noses and eyes often result from allergies to pet hair, dander or dust. These symptoms can be greatly reduced if you keep your home as dust-free as possible and change the heating and cooling filters frequently. These types of symptoms, when related to sinus infection, can be alleviated with the use of antihistamines. Usually a runny nose will be accompanied by a cough if baby is suffering from a sinus allergy. If wheezing is a problem along with a runny eyes or nose, check with your doctor. It’s a good possibility that your infant could be suffering from asthma.