Gardening techniques are good to understand and practice. They’re important to help you plant and harvest successfully. Beginners won’t have a problem if they know the right techniques to learn. Here are five general gardening techniques that even a novice can get the hang of and quickly master.
1. Make Your Own Compost
Compost is good for your plants. To make compost, take some grass, weeds, vegetable and fruit kitchen scraps, such as orange peels and banana peels, and set them in a large container. Let your scraps rot. Preferably, you should choose a dark container so that it can absorb heat better, which makes it rot. A kitchen composter is also recommended for people in apartment situations.
2. Put Coffee Filters under Pots
If you’re container gardening in your apartment, sometimes you have to re-pot your plants when they get too big for the pot they’re currently in. When you do, you should a put coffee filter in the pot first. If you do that, it allows the water to drain through the holes out of the pot, without taking the soil with it. If you don’t use a coffee filter, dirt particles will drain out of the pot. When you re-pot your plants to a size that is bigger than one coffee filter, just put more in. Flatten the coffee filters and overlap them so that no dirt escapes.
Pruning is a vital gardening technique, and it’s very simple. All you have to do is periodically check your plants and cut back any of the dead leaves. That way, none of the nutrients that the plant needs are being wasted on dead leaves, which makes it harder for the plant to grow. You will get dead leaves every once and a while, but it’s not a serious problem.
4. When to Water and How Much
You don’t just water anytime you want. That could either kill the plants by over watering them or not watering them enough. When you have planted your seeds, test the soil the first couple of days and note when it gets dry. Then it’s easier to tell when to water your plants. One little rule about watering is that you should wait until the soil dries one or two inches and then water it about one inch. That way your plants have just enough water.
5. What Makes a Good Soil?
When you go to buy your soil you should check it first. You want soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0, which means you want it a little acidic to neutral. You also want soil that has a loamy texture. Most plants like loamy soils. Take some soil and rub it and smell it; if smells fresh and “earthy,” then it’s good. If it smells like vinegar or is very sour, it might be that there is a pH imbalance.
Beginners can enjoy a good harvest and learn a good deal when they use these simple gardening techniques.